Cresta Term Paper

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Cresta Chubbuck CIS197 December 11, 2007

In today’s world of modern technology it is no big surprise that we have state of the art medical resources. The wonders of modern medicine have produced a more effective less painless way to perform minimally invasive procedures through robotic surgery. The da Vinci model is the widest used robot assisting surgeons all over the United States in minimally invasive procedures such as heart and lung surgeries. Patients are opting to have robot assisted procedures due to the benefits it has to offer such as reduction of blood loss, infection, and scaring ( Para. 4). Surgeons have embraced this new mode of surgery also due to the advantages robots have that humans do not such as being able to reach small confined places with great precision and minimizing the effects of natural human hand tremors and fatigue ( Para. 2). The technology involved in the da Vinci robot is the EndoWrist device and computer programs(????) that are predetermined for the type of surgery being performed ( Para 2). The EndoWrist device mimics the human hand and wrist transforming the surgeon’s wrist, hand, and fingers into tiny instruments. The machine itself does the actual procedure as the surgeon sits feet away in a console where he/she controls the da Vinci’s every move by hand remote controls with television monitors that allow the surgeon to see everything the da Vinci is doing in 3D. The surgical crew and a second surgeon strategically place the instruments prior to the surgery and can change hand pieces throughout the procedure. There are three incisions made by the da Vinci. One, the endoscope is a small tube with a camera that allows the surgeon to see all that is being done inside the chest cavity. The other two tubes contain the tiny little hands that will be performing the procedure. Despite all of the benefits the da Vinci robot does have a drawback. The system itself costs about $1.2 million dollars. However, experts do not believe that the cost will effect the purchase and use of the da Vinci system for long. In addition, most insurance companies cover the procedure the same as other minimally invasive procedures due largely to the fact that hostpital stays are minimized.